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Брестский государственный
технический университет



Вестник БрГТУ №6'2012, ч.1

Акинчиц И.И.

СОЦИАЛЬНОЕ САМОЧУВСТВИЕ ВЕРУЮЩИХ СТУДЕНТОВ

Social state of health of the believing students

The questions of social perception of young people are examined in the article. Analysis of the last official records of basic christian flows, and also making of their ideologists testifies that development of new social conception is actively conducted now. The results of the concretely-sociological re-search conducted by an author convincingly testify that not only ideologists but also рядовые believers speak out for support of the transformations carried out in our republic, estimate this process as "necessary for our state business". Social feel of believing students aught contradictory. But howev-er an anchorwoman is a tendency of positive perception of what be going on changes. It is educed an author, that social aims and priorities, the moral values of believing and infidel young people more and more are drawn together, that assists establishment of durable unity of all Belarussian society.

Билевич О.И.

СТАЛИНГРАДСКАЯ БИТВА: НЕКОТОРЫЕ АСПЕКТЫ СОВРЕМЕННОГО ОСМЫСЛЕНИЯ

Battle of Stalingrad: some aspects of modern judgment

The author deals with some aspects by contemporary historians of the meaning of Stalingrad battle, one of the breaking battles in the course of Word War II.

Борсук Н.А.

СОВЕРШЕНСТВОВАНИЕ КООРДИНАЦИОННЫХ СПОСОБНОСТЕЙ У СТУДЕНТОВ, ЗАНИМАЮЩИХСЯ В ОТДЕЛЕНИИ СПОРТИВНОГО СОВЕРШЕНСТВОВАНИЯ ПО ГАНДБОЛУ

Perfection of coordination abilities at the students engaged in group of sports perfection on handball

To handball at the present stage requires a high level of the qualitative parties of impellent activity. In management of many movements (instant change of a direction of movement, catching and transfer of a ball in without a basic rule, constant struggle for a ball) the large place borrows objective perception of the spatial and temporary characteristics of each impellent action adequate estimation of conditions of their performance, ability to con-centration and switching of attention, exact reproduction of the form of movement. All this is possible only under condition of the certain level of devel-opment of a complex of move-coordination qualities and, accordingly of good health.

Борсук Н.М.

МАЙСТАР МАСТАЦКАГА ПЕРАКЛАДУ: ПАЭЗІЯ Э. ЭРБ, Р. БАЛЬЦАРА, Х. ЛАВАНТ ВА ЎЗНАЎЛЕННІ Н. МАЦЯШ

The master of artistic translation: the poetry of E. Erb, R. Baltser, K. Lavant in the interpretation of N. Matsyash

The subject of scientific consideration have become the translations of N. Matsyash from E. Erb, R. Baltser, K. Lavant, the representatives of philo-sophical poetic course in modern German literature. The deep concerned learning by Belarusian translator culture and literature of Germany contributed to more vivid and full reveal of the individual beginning in creative work, intensification of philosophical ideas as the from of light-perception and light-cognition, enrichment of language reserve. The carried out analysis testifies that thanks to skillful preservation by N. Matsyash of stylistic resources typical for creative manner of German authors, their works have received the life of full value on Belarusian language.

Бурык А.А.

ЗАБЕСПЯЧЭННЕ КУЛЬТУРНЫХ ПАТРАБАВАННЯЎ ПОЛЬСКАЙ НАЦЫЯНАЛЬНАЙ МЕНШАСЦІ БЕЛАРУСІ Ў ПЕРШАЙ ПАЛОВЕ 1990-Х ГГ.

Supporting of cultural demands of polish minority in the republic of belarus in the first part of 1990s

In this article the author examines the problems of supporting cultural demands of Polish minority in the Republic of Belarus. During democratic re-forms of the 1990s new more convinient conditions for the development of national culture and traditions were created. Republican and local authorities regularly supported the activity of Polish artistic groups. But in the difficult social-economic situation the government of the Republic of Belarus couldn't satisfy all the demands of Polish community. It led to conflicts between the authorities and the Polish of the Republic of Belarus. Nevertheless, the na-tional minorities that lived in the border area played a positive role in development of border cooperation between neighbour countries.

Былинович В.Н.

НЕКОТОРЫЕ МЕТОДИЧЕСКИЕ ПРИЁМЫ ОБУЧЕНИЯ СТУДЕНТОВ САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ СЕМАНТИЗАЦИИ ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНО-ОРИЕНТИРОВАННОЙ ЛЕКСИКИ НЕМЕЦКОГО ЯЗЫКА

Some methodical receptions of teaching of students to the independent semantization of the professionally-oriented vo-cabulary of German

The article investigates peculiarities of the verbs in the system of the German architectural constructional terminology. Alter nouns and adjectives the verbs take the next place in the investigated terminology. The verbs have many semantic differential variaties many wordformafions means can be used as terminielements.

Дацкевич И.А.

ПЕРСПЕКТИВА РАЗВИТИЯ РЕГИОНАЛЬНОГО ЭКОТУРИЗМА

Prospect of development regional ecological tourism

Belarus – attractive country for all kinds of "green" travels: beauty and нетронутость of a nature, friendly, hospitable population, variety of natural land-scapes, original cultural – historical heritage. Territorial organization of the centres of ecological tourism of regional and local meaning. The ecological tour-ism is directed on acquaintance of the visitors with natural values, ecological education and formation of the population, first of all of children and youth. Creation of the ramified network of the centres of ecological tourism accessible to the inhabitants of all areas of the country therefore is important.

Данилов Ю.Д.

ТЕОРЕТИЧЕСКИЕ АСПЕКТЫ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ ПОЛИТИЧЕСКОГО СПЕКТРА

The theoretical aspects of the study of the political spectrum

The article discusses some of the theoretical approaches to the study of political preferences in modern society, is given a brief description in chronological reflection.

Федюнин В.В.

1941 ГОД: ПРЕДВОЕННЫЕ МЕРОПРИЯТИЯ СОВЕТСКОГО ПРАВИТЕЛЬСТВА, НАРКОМАТА ОБОРОНЫ И ГЕНШТАБА ПО УКРЕПЛЕНИЮ ОБОРОНОСПОСОБНОСТИ РККА

1941 year: measures of soviet government, Narkomata of defensive and general Staff on strengthening of defensive capacity of RKKA

On the base of entered in the scientific turn of the documents of CAMO of Russian FEDERATION declassified at the end of 2000, recently pub-lished documents of Narof komata defensive (NKO), and also remembrances of participants of Great Patriotic war, which now are not exposed to cen-sorship, et cetera, the analysis of predvoennykh measures of soviet government, NKO and general Staff, is given on strengthening of defensive capaci-ty of RKKA. It is done it was quite a bit, but the amount of miscalculations appeared very enormous. Soviet secret service went hunting for by the date of attack of Germany on the USSR, missing out possibility of analysis of strengths and weaknesses of German "blickriga". A main defect was not cor-rected in podgotovke of troops – digging up theories and practices from trebovaniy of modern war et cetera. As a result of numerous miscalculations of soviet military-political guidance plenty of servicemen of RKKA appeared himtovymi (and not only morally-psychologically) to resist to strong parties of vermakhta, applying the "blitzof krig".

Гарматны В.П.

ПЕРЫЯДЫЗАЦЫЯ ПРАВЯДЗЕННЯ КАМАСАЦЫІ НА ЗЕМЛЯХ ЗАХОДНЯЙ БЕЛАРУСІ Ў 1921–1939 ГГ.

Periodization of the comasation on the lands of Western Belarus in 1921–1939

The article tells about the periodization of comasation in Western Belarus in 1921–1939. The author shows suffering of local peasantry and neces-sity of the agrarian reform which was realized by Polish government in 1921–1939. Realization of comasation was accompanied by distribution of cred-its. Thanks to comasation in Western Belarus the quantity of working days necessary for peasants for the cultivation their lands decreased, quality of cultivation agriculture lands was improved and accordingly its crop capacity increased. In accordance with socio-economic circumstances and the pace of comasation its realization by Polish authorities on the territory of Western Belarus it is necessary to divide into three main periods: 1) 1921–1928; 2) 1929–1933; 3) 1934–1939.

Глухова О.В.
Пахолко С.В.

ПОНЯТИЕ И ПРИЗНАКИ ОБСТОЯТЕЛЬСТВ, ИСКЛЮЧАЮЩИХ ПРЕСТУПНОСТЬ ДЕЯНИЯ

Concept and signs of circumstances excluding criminality

There is no legal definition of concept "circumstances excluding criminality" in the criminal legislation of the Republic of Belarus. However, the circle of those distinctive characteristics which allow pointing out such circumstances into a separate group and classify them into types depends on its con-tent. The article presents the points of view of various authors on the definition of the concept "circumstances excluding criminality", the necessity to adjust and make the appropriate changes to the title of Chapter 6 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Belarus, and the signs of these circumstances are considered.

Грыбава С.У.

БЕЛАРУСКІЯ ТАТАРЫ Ў ГАДЫ ПАЛІТЫЧНЫХ РЭПРЭСІЙ 30-Х ГАДОЎ ХХ СТ. У БССР

The Belarusian Tatars during political repressions of the 30th years of the XX century in BSSR

The article is devoted to the repression politics pursued by the soviet authorities in the 30th of the XX century towards Tatar population in BSSR. The author provides information about charges of anti-Soviet activity and punishment of outstanding public and military activists belonging to Tatar community such as Ali Voronovich, Algerd Naiman-Mirza Ktichinski, Iskander Talkovski, David Janovich – Chainski. The author also refers to her scien-tific research and offers the statistics of how many Tatars in Minsk, Minsk region and Vitebsk region were repressed in Western Belarus in 1939 – 1941 as well as in 20th-50th of the XX century and later rehabilitated. The author notes that the life of Tatar minorities in BSSR was influenced by those politi-cal and social changes that took place in the country and the politics of repression by soviet authorities was one of them.

Ипатова О.В.

АДМИНИСТРАТИВНО-ТЕРРИТОРИАЛЬНОЕ УСТРОЙСТВО БРЕСТЧИНЫ ВО ВРЕМЯ ОККУПАЦИИ

Brestchina's administrative-territorial device during occupation

The regional governance structures of the Brest region during the Great Patriotic War included 4 main areas: 1) the military commissioners were at the head of the administrative-territorial units, and 2) the presence of the vertical of power (the principle of "fyurerstva"), and 3) interact with the local commandant's council, headed by mayors, elders, soltys, and 3) Local and military commandant provides control in Belarus, which is divided into 5 parts. In the villages of the German military authorities had a supporting role - is more important were led by representatives of the local Belarusian collaboration elected to the local council. Despite the fact that the local population of the occupied territories were given the function of local government at the district level (povets), towns, townships (communes), gramado and villages, to talk about the political independence of the administrative-territorial formations and Belarus as a whole is not possible, so because implementation of the provision of local public administration functions were under the control of the German military commissioners, chiefs of districts, townships and in the implementation of the principle of "fyurerstva" in the management of the occupied territories. The occupied territories have become subjects of civil forms of government without considering the economic, cultural and ethnic characteristics, and did not acquire the status of independent political entities of Nazi Germany.

Кабот Т.Ф.

САНАЦИОННАЯ ПРЕССА НА ПОЛЕСЬЕ (1926-1939)

Polish conservative press to Polesye (1926-1939)

In article the role ofregional press in system of the governmental propagation of II RPin 1926-1939is considered. The author represents classifica-tion of the polish press issued in Poleskevoevodstvoduring the intermilitary period, analyzes the maintenance of publications of local conservative peri-odicals: «Poleskenewspapers», «Polesye», «The Voice of Polesye».

Карпович О.В.

БРЕСТ-ЛИТОВСК И БРЕСТСКИЙ УЕЗД В ПЕРИОД ВОССТАНИЙ 1831, 1863 ГГ.

Brest-Litovsk and the Brest district in revolts 1831, 1863

The Brest district of the Grodno province on the geographical position was boundary region of the Belarus earth with the Kingdom Polish. In this connection studying of insurgent movement in the given region represents the special scientific importance. Unfortunately, a number of researches of a modern domestic historiography (the Russian and Belarus researchers), devoted to revolts 1831 in this case are meant and 1863 are based on materi-als of the Russian historical archives and the data of corresponding archives of Belarus is ignored that does not allow to reveal with authentic accuracy degree of participation of the population of separate regions in revolts. In the present article, with accent on character of motive forces, complex re-search of events of revolts 1831 and on the Brest district of the Grodno province with attraction of the new, earlier not published data is conducted 1863. Article is based on materials NIАB in Grodno.

Комлева Е.В.

ОТ ПРАВОСЛАВИЯ К ФЕНОМЕНУ ЯДЕРНОЙ ЭНЕРГИИ: ЗАИМСТВОВАНИЕ ФРАГМЕНТОВ МЕТОДОЛОГИИ АНТРОПОСОЦИАЛЬНОГО ТОЛКОВАНИЯ

From orthodoxy to the phenomenon of nuclear energy: adoption of methodological fragments of anthropo-social interpretation

Within the socio-cultural space there has been searched for an analogous methodology to reflect on the phenomenon of nuclear energy from the perspective of concepts of man and society. It has been proven as benefitial to refer to the anthropo-social component of Orthodoxy. There has been outlined the idea on the universal and civilizational relationship of these phenomena. The main questions concerning their connection have been formu-lated as well as some ways to answer them. There are given some examples of the suggested methodological transfer.

Ковалёва Н.Н.

ОСНОВНЫЕ ТЕНДЕНЦИИ РАЗВИТИЯ ПРОМЫШЛЕННОСТИ ЗАПАДНЫХ РЕГИОНОВ БЕЛАРУСИ В КОНЦЕ XIX – НАЧАЛЕ XX ВВ.

Basic of the tendency of development of the industry of the western regions of Byelorussia at the end of XIX – the begin-ning of XX centuries

On the basis of the data published in an open seal, and also for the first time materials of Lithuanian State Historical archive entered into a scientific revolution and National historical archive of Byelorussia in Grodno, in article attempt of revealing of the general tendencies of development of the indus-try of the western regions of Byelorussia is carried out. The author connects activization of development of the industry with presence of a raw-material base, that, in turn, speaks an intensification of an agriculture, with change of structure of the population and expansion of opportunities of realization of production, both inside region, and behind its limits.

Кудрицкий В.Н.

ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКАЯ НАПРАВЛЕННОСТЬ ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЯ ТРЕНАЖЕРОВ В ОЗДОРОВИТЕЛЬНЫХ ЦЕЛЯХ

Pedagogical orientation of use simulators in the improving purposes

Now preparation of the students for performance of tasks put by the program but physical culture and sports, requires perfection of a technique of construction of educational employment. The successful decision of this problem in many respects depends on development and introduction in educa-tional process modern simulators and special additional equipment directed as on development of physical qualities, and formation of impellent skills of professional – applied character. Application in educational process of the offered techniques with use modern simulators one of perspective directions for perfection of educational process on physical education of the students.

Лисовская Т.В.

ОГРАНИЧЕНИЕ СВОБОДЫ СОВЕСТИ В МЕЖДУНАРОДНОМ ПРАВЕ: КОНЦЕПЦИИ И ПРИНЦИПЫ

Limitation of right of conscience is in an international law: conceptions and principles

Fixing in the international documents of possibility of limitation of right of conscience and religion is analysed in the article. An author distinguishes conceptions and principles of limitation to religious vaults in individual and collective aspects.

Лобанов А.П.
Даниленко А.В.

ПРОБЛЕМЫ ДИАГНОСТИКО-КВАЛИМЕТРИЧЕСКОГО ОБЕСПЕЧЕНИЯ КОМПЕТЕНТНОСТНОГО ПОДХОДА

Problems of diagnostics of kvalimetrichesky of providing the competent approach

The results of our studies in the field of psychological support professional development of specialists in the process of learning in educational insti-tutions. Found that the introduction of competence-based approach requires the implementation of special cognitive practices and diagnostic-qualimetric software. Formation of professional competence based on the intellectual development of students, its level and structure.

Морозова Н.Н.
Стрелец М.В.

СРАВНИТЕЛЬНЫЙ АНАЛИЗ МЕР ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОГО РЕГУЛИРОВАНИЯ ЗАНЯТОСТИ И БЕЗРАБОТИЦЫ В РЕСПУБЛИКЕ БЕЛАРУСЬ И ФЕДЕРАТИВНОЙ РЕСПУБЛИКЕ ГЕРМАНИЯ

The comparative analysis of governmental regulating measures of employment and unemployment in the Republic of Belarus and federalrepublic of Germany

In the article authors make an attempt to present an in-Belarusian dimension of the modern Germany state policy aspect, which involves employ-ment and unemployment regulation. In this paper they show how the authorities of the Republic of Belarus and of FRG determine the need for person-nel and salary level, demonstrate their involvement in generating new jobs in economy, in requalification of working population, subsidizing weak eco-nomic sectors, introduction of the part-time employment institution, contribution to and functioning of the social-payments-to-unemployed institution. The authors formulate some proposals on how to leverage FRG’s practice in regulating labor market of the Republic of Belarus. The information base for this research consists of normative legal acts on labor market regulation, statistical reports of German information agencies, National Statistical Commit-tee of the Republic of Belarus, data from monitoring of labor market and social-and-labor sphere, which are posted in the Internet Global Network.

Мощук А.В.

ЕВРЕЙСКАЯ ШКОЛА В ЗАПАДНОЙ БЕЛАРУСИ – ОПЫТЫ РЕЛИГИОЗНОГО И СВЕТСКОГО НАЧАЛА В ОБРАЗОВАНИИ

The jewish school in the western Belarus – experiences of the religious and secular beginning in education

Problem of a ratio of religious and secular components in process not only moral, but also civil education of the personality, in the course of young-er generation socialization always drew close attention both "narrow" experts, and a wide circle. In this article problems of creation and development of the Jewish school organizations in the territory of the Western Belarus during the intermili-tary period are considered. Being based on rather wide range of sources, the conclusion about rigid correlation of various Jewish educational systems of an average link with party installations of political associations under the aegis of which the Jewish schools acted is drawn. The author subjects to the objective analysis program documents of such school organizations as to TsIShO, Tarbut, иешувы, heder. The policy of the Polish authorities in rela-tion to the Jewish school problem in intermilitary Poland is separately considered, its evolution depending on inside - and foreign policy circumstances is characterized.

Никитчик А.Д.
Никитчик Т.А.

БЕРЕСТЕЙСКИЙ КРОССВОРД Э.Й. ДАЛЬБЕРГА − ГРАВЮРА «URBS ET CASTELLUM»

Dalberg's Beresteysky crossword puzzle? «Urbs et Castellum» engraving

Engraving "Urbs et Castellum Brestzie Litewski" – an important source for the history of the time the Swedish invasion in 1657. Сritical comparison of the information shown in the engraving E. Dahlberg and W. Swidde with published documents complement the knowledge of the city, opening un-known names, said the circumstances of some events, explains many inaccuracies and metamorphosis, trapped in the information field of engraving.

Писарук Г.В.

УЧИТЬ СТУДЕНТОВ АРГУМЕНТИРОВАННОЙ РЕЧИ: ОТ ТЕОРИИ К ПРАКТИКЕЕ

Teaching learners argumentative speaking: from theory to practice

The article deals with building up argumentative skills with going learners. The author presents different rhetoric devices such as rhetoric analysis, rhetoric tasks and rhetoric games, based on the Bible text.

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